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Covid19 and pregnancy

 

Pregnant women are often, generally at an increased risk rate of developing infection and other illnesses, such as common cold and flu. This is due to the physiological and immunologic changes that occur in their bodies during the pregnancy period that lowers their immunity. The Covid -19 coronavirus may not be an exceptional respiratory illness to this trend and highlights a consideration that pregnant women should be categorized as a population at risk in this pandemic occurrence.

Available data on the effects of the Covid19 virus in pregnancy is still unlimited, but with the current trends, it is anticipated that the large majority of pregnant women will experience only mild to moderate symptoms like flu/cold, fever, and mild cough. More severe symptoms such as pneumonia and respiratory distress syndrome appear to be more common in older people above 60 years, and those with weakened immune systems or long-term chronic conditions such as diabetes, and chronic lung disease.

According to the United Kingdom’s Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (RCOG) update, it argues that pregnant women may not be at a greater risk of developing severe symptoms from COVID-19 than the general population. Only 1 case has been reported in the UK involving a pregnant mother and has since been recovering quite well. Less than 1% of infected pregnant mothers in china have complicated to severe symptoms with no death recorded as at current.

Effects to the fetus or baby

Little information still hangs like a cloud, but, there is no evidence to suggest an increased risk of miscarriage. There is also no evidence of any intrauterine infection to the baby (vertical transmission). It is therefore considered unlikely that if you have the virus it will cause congenital abnormalities or effects to your developing baby.

There are case reports of preterm birth amongst women with COVID-19, but it is unclear whether the preterm births were spontaneous or the doctors made the decision for the babies to be born early because of the pregnant mothers’ general health state. This information is subject to update when more scientific knowledge and finding is made available.

There is also no evidence of covid19 transmission through breastmilk

Prevention of infection in pregnancy

The most important prevention measure is strict handwashing habit, wash hands regularly and effectively with running water as soon as you come from public places like matatus, buses, bank halls, school or workplace.

Use of alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol can also be used while still around these public areas.

Use disposable tissues or paper towel to dry your hands after washing

Ensure you do not touch your eyes, nose, and mouth before a thorough hand washing

Avoid handshaking in public, you opt for Namaste or waving.

encourage the use of cashless transaction

Avoid unnecessary travel

Care about others, persons with symptoms suggestive of COVID-19 are advised to self-isolate until advised otherwise. You can call your local hospital or the hotline numbers provided by the ministry of health while still at home to minimize the chance of spreading the infection while moving to the hospital.

stay at home and talk to our online doctors

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